Office work-stations are easily derived from the 2Tilt chair concept. Now renamed the ‘Quadri-Modal’ (4M) concept as a sit/stand component is incorporated. In a few decades a chair set before a desk, arranged in straight lines will be perceived as not only dated but hopelessly inefficient. There is an increasing interest in this direction. See Mindjet
The 2T concept is particularly relevant to the development of a desk-less office chair, described here as the ‘Quadri-Modal’ (4M) concept. So called as the concept requires 4 modes.
- ☛Reclined for prolonged use→
- ☛Upright for some short tasks→
- ☛Unstable intermediate mode→
- ☛A standing mode→ (Yes! That’s John Gorman glowering in the background.)
- See ☛ https://www.magicleap.com/#/home →
For another idea for a deskless office see ☛ Co.Exist→
A deskless work chair from America. It looks like a 2T chair in its general configuration and transition from the reclined to an upright position seems easy and there is a minimum of adjustments (did they see my web-page which has been present since 1998?). The mid ranges are probably not unstable so that the user can adopt this adverse position for a prolonged time. Its base probably precludes it from being an office chair and it looks as if it could tip sideways. It could be upgraded to a 2T chair without great difficulty.
The Altmark station
The webpage shows a fixed intermediate position in both the reclined and semi upright modes. At best it gives no biomechanic advantage and was probably intended to add comfort → . Misled by ” that treacherous guide which only turns up truthfully when the ergonomics are fully correct”. If this mode becomes a part of the unstable intermediate mode it allows a faster transition and also gives the user the choice for dynamic motion and rehabilitation. A win-win. Scrapping a fixed intermediate mode reduces manufacturing costs.
A good idea that I have been advocating since 1998, but a terrible design! Electrically operated. With all possible bells and whistles It represents an almost opposite view to the 2T principle and it’s 4M workstation derivative. This with an emphasis on anatomy and spinal biomechanics leads to lack of adjustments and simplicity. Obviously a huge misplaced engineering enterprise without awareness of what was possible and desirable. Price: $5995
The Brody Worklounge. The illustrations suggest a system that approaches the 4M concept. It lacks the simplicity of the 4M and does not offer a Sit/Stand capability. The accompanying diagram shows good design, as far as it goes. It looks familiar! It differs from the 2T/4M concept which provide some learning points which are more relevant to the 3M concept..
- The footprint is larger than an integrated 4M workstation.
- position of the arms and wrist on the tilted keyboard which is well placed.
- ‘The technology is placed at eye level’. Of course! But the keyboard is not.
- Certainly a step towards the 4M workstation. So welcome!
Freed from the constraint of a worktop desk, a stand mode can be easily designed. This may help staff to move about and relate to others.
Shown is an Ergotron 97-581-019 Worksurface.
But, on the other hand prologed standing is tiring and affects venous return and can adversely affect body and cognitive abilities. – Are Standing Desks The Biggest Sham Ever?→
Compared to people who sit the least, those who spend most time in a chair have a 112 % higher risk of developing diabetes, a 147% higher risk of suffering “cardiovascular events” such as strokes and a 49%t increased risk of death from any cause. (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/wellbeing/fitness/sitting-disease-is-killing-us-and-exercise-doesnt-help/) Alarming but not entirely an effect of the bio-mechanics and not examined here. However some posts are relevant.
If you are interested in a workplace environment and health in the office.
- OFFICE STRESS & Backache→
- ☛ Jukes. Managing the Ergonomics →
- See, by HAS ☛ PRODUCTIVITY AND WORKPLACE STRESSORS→ (Article published in EurOhs, European Occupational Health and Safety Journal, Dec 2002.by Dr HA Sanford)
- ☛ The OFFICE 2 Tilt chair →
- ☛ HAS, on ☛ Office health (& RSI)→ Only a lighthearted account.
- ☛ SLEEP & productivity
THE OFFICE OF THE FUTURE See→
With the advent of AI and robotics affices will be geared to the emotional and physiological requirements of the highly paid staff. 2 Tilt chairs and their 4M derivatives will be exactly relevant, becoming an office work-station. A sleep hood can be incorporated into the design and avoid the neccesity for a dedicated ‘nap-room’.
THE HOME OF THE FUTURE – VR and sitting
Global blue chip companies are throwing their weight into VR development (hardware and software), Mark Zuckerberg believes “this kind of immersive, augmented reality will become a part of daily life for billions of people”.
Eliott Myers from Roto VR, which is a small, innovative firm with designs on the related accessories market claims that “Roto enhances the seated experience with haptic feedback so dramatically you feel like you’re really there, in another world. Once you’ve tried Roto, VR feels empty without it. With Roto, you can add our Table accessory, so you can drive around 360 degrees with a steering wheel (and pedals). Roto also has “rumble shakers” which can be affixed to the underside and back of the chair for added sensations. It’s like 4D on steroids. Actually we should call it 360D!” http://www.rotovr.com
Sounds exciting! and should be relevant to 2T or 4M design. Another ‘blank page to draw on’.